Landform

The Silesian Beskid is part of the Outer Carpathians flysch. These mountains, having a band arrangement, cut by deep valleys of rivers and streams, heavily forested, have a relatively low altitude, i.e.. expressed in meters above sea level (Skrzyczne - 1257 m), but there are large differences in height between the valley bottoms and the peaks, reaching up to 650 m. The slopes are often very steep, while the top parts are flattened and even.

We will assume the following borders of the Silesian Beskids: from the west. - Olza valley * and Przeł. Jabłonkowska * separates it from the Beskid Śląsko–Moravian and the Moravian-Silesian Foothills; od pd. - the Czernianka stream valley, and above the Skaliczanka valley (already in Slovakia), Zwardońska Pass (675 m) and the source part of the Soła valley delimits the Silesian Beskids from the Żywiec Beskids; in the east. - the border of these two mountain groups is the upper Soła valley; further to the north. there is a flat Żywiec Basin, and the wide lowering of the Wilkowicka Gate and the Biała Valley constitute the border of the Silesian Beskids with the Mały Beskids; from mon. - The Silesian Beskids descends quite steeply towards the Silesian Foothills, more or less along the line: Trinec * – Ustron * – Górki Wlk. – Mikuszowice Śl. near Bielsko-Biała. With a few minor adjustments, made for strictly tourist reasons, these boundaries correspond to the physical and geographical division of the Carpathians, proposed by prof. Jerzy Kondracki.

In such a delineated area, from Trans. Jabłonkowska * by Girowa *, Wawrzaczów Groń*, Ochodzita (895 m), Sołowy Wierch (852 m) up to Trans. Zwardońska (675 m) runs the main ridge of the Carpathians, constituting the European watershed between the Baltic and Black Sea basins. From Ochodzita it branches to the north. ridge, which via Trans. Koniakowski (766 m) there is an inconspicuous Karolówka peak (931 m), ok. 3 km na pd.-zach. from Barania Góra. This point is the keystone for the two main arms of the Silesian Beskids: the smaller western one, that is the bands of Stożek * and Czantoria *, and the eastern - larger and more fragmented, sometimes called the Vistula Range, with Barania Góra (1220 m), Skrzyczne (1257 m - the highest peak of the Silesian Beskids.), The ridge (884 m) and Klimczok (1117 m). Both breeds, with a general meridional course, delimited by the Vistula valley *.

We will deal with the West. part of the Silesian Beskids, delimiting her east. the border along the highway: Ustron * -Wisla * – trans. Kubalonka * – Istebna* – Jaworzynka Trzycatek*.

From Karolówka towards the north-west. a narrow ridge runs towards the important communication. Kubalonka * (761 m). Hi, the ridge widens and runs west. by Kiczory * (990 m) as far as Kyrkawica * (973 m), then turns to the north. and through the UK. Cone* (978 m), Mł. Cone* (843 m), Carpenter * (920 m), UK. Soszów * (886 m), Mł. Soszów * (764 m) and trans. Beskidek * (684 m) comes to Great Britain. Czantorii* (995 m - the highest peak of the band). From then on, the ridge takes a north-west direction. and by Mł. Czantorię* (866 m), lowering clearly reaches Tuł * (621 m), to turn north again. It continues through Zagoj * (512 m), Machowa * (464 m), Jasieniowa * (520 m), until it soon loses itself among the gentle hills of the Silesian Foothills, called by the local people hills "or ,Jcępami ". The main watershed of Poland runs along this ridge from Karolówka itself, separating the basins of the Vistula * and Odra.

The strand in question is characterized by a clear asymmetry in the development of the side ridges. Ridge sloping east., ku doi. Vistula *, they are much shorter and less branched than these, which depart to the west., ku doi. Olzy *. We will list the most important of them here.

Kyrkawica * and Kiczory * are sent to the west. i pd. several branches, m.in. Groniczka department * (832 m) over Jabłonków *, Arm of Acute * (722 m) over Bukowiec * and quite a vast massif of Młodej Góra * (834 m) towards Jasnowice *. From UK. Cone * to the NW. the largest side branch of the band in question departs, i.e.. long on 7,5 km Filipki arm * (768 m) and Connectors * (835 m), ending with the South * (672 m) over Nydkłus. From Jabłonków * to Bystrzyca *, five smaller divisions descend from this arm towards the Olza valley *. Another ridge branches off to the north-west. from UK. Soszowa * and through Miąszy * (745 m) descends to Nydek *, in the forks of Strzelma * and Głuchówka *. From Mł. Czantoria * to the west. the second ridge departs, which by Sharp * (709 m), Fortune teller * (571 m), Babia Góra * (492 m) and Jagodna * (406 m) goes to the forks of Lesznianka * and Olza * in Trzyniec *. The Polish-Czech state border runs along it for a considerable distance. From Tłu * it branches north-west. short, unremarkable department, descending through Kojkowicka Górka * (421 m) and Osówka * (405 m) the forks of the Olza * and Puńcówka * in Błogocice south of. from Cieszyn. The state border runs through it in part.

On the side of the Vistula valley * it should be mentioned, starting with the South.: Kobyla's arm * (802 m), departing from Mł. Cone * to the NE, in the fork Kopydła * and Dziechcinki *, then the massif of Wierch Skalnity * (762 m), branching off from the UK. Soszowa *, and ended with the characteristic hill of Czajka * (572 m) over Jawornik *, and a few smaller ridges, that both Czantorias send to the east. i pn.

The water network is based on the Vistula * and Olza *, to which most of the water flows from the area described here. Only South. slopes of the Girowa * massif and the south-east. part of Jaworzynka * are drained by tributaries of Czernianka and - by Kisuca, Váh and Danube - belong to the Black Sea basin. Among the most important tributaries of the Vistula * we will mention successively from: Kopydło * with Łabajów *, Dziechcinkę *, Jawornik*, Gahura *, Suchy * and Poniwiec *, and finally Radoń, whose source streams drain the N.. slopes of Mł. Czantorii*. Among the tributaries of the Olza *, it should be mentioned, going down her course: Olecka *, Kotelnica *, Radwanów *, Cubes *, Chert*, Komparzów *, Głuchówka * with Strzelma * and Górski Potok *, Wanderer *, Lesznianka * and Puńcówka *. Among the left-bank tributaries of the Olza * from the Girowa massif * we will mention the Bukowski Potok * and the Lyski stream *. It flows from the Trans. Jabłonkowska * Osetnica * flows to Łomnianka and with it to Olza *.